The Study on the Approach of Urban Architectural Color Planning Based on the Environmental Metaphysics
Urban architecture is an important part of urban space, and it shows the city's regional characteristics and local customs. With the development of the city, there are some disordered problems of the color in urban architecture. Based on the interaction among people, urban architecture and color, this paper studies and discusses the planning path of urban architecture color. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the psychological and behavioral needs of residents in the urban building environment are divided into four levels, they are the physiological needs of stability and safety, the visual needs of beauty and comfort, the identification needs of domain division, and the belonging needs of spiritual culture. Furthermore, the paper discusses the ways of urban architectural color planning in China from a macro perspective: establishing emotional dimensions to create a safe space environment, coordinating the relationship between map and base to control color comfort, strengthening the guidance of color behavior to build an orderly architectural environment, paying attention to color cognitive map to continue the color context. Finally, a stable and safe, visually pleasing, scientific and reasonable urban architectural environment that meets people's physiological and psychological needs, has local regional characteristics and shows local culture should be established.