Basic Types and Specific Characteristics of Village Landscape along the Sichuan Road in Guanzhong Area in Late Qing Dynasty
There are three major cultural districts with obvious characteristics of Guanzhong, Qinba, and Shu Di along the Sichuan Road. Its existence and differences are not born, but the result of the construction, development, and inheritance of the people of all ages. This study uses the concept of cultural lines to study the living environmental landscape culture in a certain geographical area. The purpose is to use the cultural lines of relatively objective and real cultural lines to divide it (zone) to make it clear. It is easy to better analyze and compare the ontology, and then rises from the level of science and cognition from the level of phenomenon and imagery, and then go back to the original, value and significance of the environmental landscape of the Sichuan Road in the late Qing Dynasty, so as to thus Understand and improve cognition more deeply. In the late Qing Dynasty, there was a dynamic evolution process of "generation-development-decline" in the habitat landscape along the Sichuan Road. The landscape of villages in Guanzhong area had its own geographical environment characteristics, typical forms and styles, and regional habitat culture. This paper analyzes the historical background, geographical environment, main types and specific characteristics of the village landscape in Guanzhong area by using the multidimensional methods covering extraction, screening, classification and comparison, and then explains its cultural significance and contemporary value.