Research on the Carbon Emission Reduction Effect and Trading Mechanism of Load Aggregator and Users Based on Stackelberg Game
The integration of wind power into the power grid has important strategic significance to achieve carbon neutrality, but it affects the safe and stable operation of the power grid. This paper aims to establish a trading mechanism of load aggregator and users based on the Stackelberg game to achieve wind power accommodation, improve the effect of carbon emission reduction, and maintain the safe and stable operation of the power grid. Firstly, a trading mechanism of load aggregator and users is proposed. Secondly, the Stackelberg game model is established considering carbon emission limit and penalty coefficient. Finally, the particle swarm algorithm is introduced to solve the model. Results show that the load aggregator guides users to adjust power consumption through the trading mechanism, realizes wind power accommodation, improves carbon emission reduction effect, and maintains the safe and stable operation of the power grid.